by: R C Jain
The public was unaware of the corrupt practices before 1991 . There have been many changes since then. Today you’ll find a washing machine and a car in every household. There has been huge employment generation which has benefited the public financia...
by: Swaminathan Aiyar
If you buy a car today, you can expect its delivery in a few days. And if you sell it after a few years, you would be lucky to get half the original purchase price. However, the case was not so under the License Permit Raj. There were two major manuf...
by: Prof. Niraja Gopal Jayal
Looking back upon everyday urban middle-class life in India before 1991 –that is the only kind of life I can write about from personal experience – the first words that come to mind are scarcity and frugality. These words carry negative connotations...

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India before 1991: Stories of life under the License Raj


In 1990, there was an offer to buy us out for Rs 2 crore. Infosys has Rs 6.5 lakh crore m-cap now: NR Narayana Murthy on 1991 reforms.

As India marks 30 years of economic liberalisation on July 24, Infosys founder NR Narayana Murthy spoke to Moneycontrol on how the context of 1991 changed the aspirations of Infosys in one go

Crowd Source Stories

Almost half of India is born after 1991 economic reforms. To make sure that they understand the lessons of history, at the 25th anniversary of the reforms, Centre for Civil Society aims to bring to light human interest stories from across the country highlighting the life under the license raj as well as the crucial role that liberalization played in improving the lives of our people. The reforms were proof of the acceptance of the value of economic freedom, whose importance we need to continue to advocate. This research will provide a greater understanding of the long-term impact of liberal policy reforms as well as the value that open markets have and continue to bring into our lives in contemporary times.

Short videos, audio messages, photo essays and articles from individuals representing all sections of society through online platforms, in-house research, partnerships with profession- specific associations and groups.