by: Prof. Niraja Gopal Jayal
Looking back upon everyday urban middle-class life in India before 1991 –that is the only kind of life I can write about from personal experience – the first words that come to mind are scarcity and frugality. These words carry negative connotations...
by: P.C. Alexander
I met [Narasimha] Rao on 20 June 1991 immediately after his election as CPP leader and showed him my draft proposals. He spent quite some time with me dissecting them and specified to me the addition and deletions he wished to make. The next step was...
by: Swaminathan Aiyar
Like most commodities, foreign exchange too was chronically short during the License-Permit Raj, especially during the “garibi hatao” phase of the early 1970s. So, concerning films demanding foreign exchange, the government allocated only token amoun...

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India before 1991: Stories of life under the License Raj

Almost half of India is born after 1991 economic reforms. To make sure that they understand the lessons of history, at the 25th anniversary of the reforms, Centre for Civil Society aims to bring to light human interest stories from across the country highlighting the life under the license raj as well as the crucial role that liberalization played in improving the lives of our people. The reforms were proof of the acceptance of the value of economic freedom, whose importance we need to continue to advocate. This research will provide a greater understanding of the long-term impact of liberal policy reforms as well as the value that open markets have and continue to bring into our lives in contemporary times.

Crowd Source Stories

Short videos, audio messages, photo essays and articles from individuals representing all sections of society through online platforms, in-house research, partnerships with profession- specific associations and groups.